Case Report

Complex cyanotic congenital heart disease presenting as congenital heart block in a Nigerian infant: case report and literature review

Ujuanbi Amenawon Susan*, Amain Ebidimie Divine and Gregory Frances

Published: 11 April, 2022 | Volume 6 - Issue 1 | Pages: 009-012

Background: The prevalence of cyanotic congenital heart diseases (CCHD) varies world wide. It accounts for a third of all congenital heart diseases. The common CCHD includes Tetralogy of Fallot(TOF), transposition of the great arteries (TGA), total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR), truncus arteriosus, and tricuspid atresia (TA). Less common variants include Ebstein’s anomaly, Hypoplastic left heart syndrome, pulmonary atresia, and single ventricle. Children of all ages can be are affected. The commonest presentation is cyanosis. Bradycardia and/or congenital heart block are rare presentations and mostly occur in the presence of an associated congenital atrioventricular block.
Case report: We report a case of a 3-month-old female presenting with congenital heart block and bradycardia at 3 months of age and found to have complex cyanotic congenital heart disease on echocardiography.
Conclusion: An infant presenting with bradycardia clinically should be screened for congenital heart defect as bradycardia may be an ominous sign of serious underlying cardiac defect.

Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.acr.1001058 Cite this Article Read Full Article PDF


CCHD; Congenital heart block; Case report; Nigerian infant; Literature review


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